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Sitia

  

Sitia (Greek: Σητεία) refers both to the port town, with 9,912 inhabitants (2011) and to the municipality with 18,318 inhabitants (2011) in Lasithi, Crete, Greece. It lies to the east of Agios Nikolaos and to the northeast of Ierapetra. Sitia port is on the Sea of Crete, which is a part of the Aegean Sea and is one of the economic centers of the Lasithi region. European route E75, which ends in Vardø, starts in Sitia. Sitia is served by the Sitia Public Airport. Sitia has not experienced the effects of mass tourism even though there is a long beach along the road leading to Vai and several places of historical interest. The town is visited by few tourists.
The municipality Sitia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities, that became municipal units:

  • Itanos
  • Lefki, Lasithi
  • Sitia

The province of Sitia (Greek: Επαρχία Σητείας) was one of the provinces of Lasithi. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Siteia and the municipal unit Makry Gialos.It was abolished in 2006.
The name Σητεία may come from the ancient Ητεία, written as Itia or Etea in English.
The earliest settlement of the town dates back to before Minoan times; excavations in the neighbouring site of Petras have unearthed architectural remains that date back to the end of the Neolithic period 3000 BC and continue throughout the Bronze Age 3000-1050 BC. In addition, there are several Minoan settlements unearthed in the various archaeological sites in the municipality, such as in Itanos and in Mochlos.
According to Diogenes Laertius, Sitia was the home of Myson of Chen, one of the Seven Sages of Greece.



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Ziros Plateau(Sitia Perfecture)

Lassithi is one of the less travelled and yet most beautiful regions of Crete (perhaps exactly because it is less travelled!) and the Plateau of Ziros is definitely one of its hidden gems. The route we propose starts from the town of Sitia and ends at the remote beaches of Xerokampos, known for their exceptional wild beauty. The road crosses the scenic plateau of Ziros, in an altitude of about 600 meters. 
Source www.cretazine.com
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                               Crete  
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Coordinatesb35°13′N 24°55′E
 Country    Greece
 Capital Heraklion
 Regional units
Area
 • Total 8,336 km2 (3,219 sq mi)
Highest elevation 2,456 m (8,058 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 623,065
 • Density 75/km2 (190/sq mi)

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Crete straddles two climatic zones, the Mediterranean and the North African, mainly falling within the former. As such, the climate in Crete is primarily temperate. The atmosphere can be quite humid, depending on the proximity to the sea, while winter is fairly mild. Snowfall is common on the mountains between November and May, but rare in the low lying areas. While mountain tops remain snow-capped year long, near the coast snow only stays on the ground for a few minutes or hours. However, a truly exceptional cold snap swept the island in February 2004, during which period the whole island was blanketed with snow. During the Cretan summer, average temperatures reach the high 20s-low 30s Celsius (mid 80s to mid 90s Fahrenheit), with maxima touching the upper 30s-mid 40s.
The south coast, including the Mesara Plain and Asterousia Mountains, falls in the North African climatic zone, and thus enjoys significantly more sunny days and high temperatures throughout the year. There, date palms bear fruit, and swallows remain year-round rather than migrate to Africa. The fertile region around Ierapetra, on the southeastern corner of the island, is renowned for its exceptional year-round agricultural production, with all kinds of summer vegetables and fruit produced in greenhouses throughout the winter.


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E4 path in Crete

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 Cretan forests
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Hiking or walking in Crete
+ Mountain Dikti in Lassithi  area

+ Mountain Idi or Psiloritis -  Skinakas Observatory-  Heraklion 
+Asterousia Mountains-  Heraklion

Caves in Crete

+The cave of Zoniana- Heraklion
+The Diktaian Cave (Dikteon Andro, birthplace of Zeus)- Lassithi
+The Idean Cave (Ideon Andro)
+The cave of Ag. Paraskevi Skotinou

Lakes in Crete
+Lake Voulismeni - Ag.Nikolaos(it is connected with the sea)

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Address of  important museums at Heraklion - Iraklio Archaeological Museum-Address: Xanthoudidou 1, Iraklio

- Historical Museum of Crete-Address: Lysimahou Kalokerinou 7, Iraklio

- Battle of Crete Museum-Address: Doukos Beaufort and Hatzidaki, Iraklio

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1. Christmas Carols in Crete
2.Gigantic Squid Washed Ashore in    Peloponnese

3.Cretan carnival
4.Heraklion agenda

Almiros wetland in Ag. Nikolaos

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