The name Knossos survives from ancient Greek references to the major city of Crete. The identification of Knossos with the Bronze Age site is supported by tradition and by the Roman coins that were scattered over the fields surrounding the pre- excavation site, then a large mound named Kephala Hill, elevation 85 m (279 ft) from current sea level. Many of them were inscribed with Knosion or Knos on the obverse and an image of a Minotaur or Labyrinth on the reverse, both symbols deriving from the myth of King Minos, supposed to have reigned from Knossos. The coins came from the Roman settlement of Colonia Julia Nobilis Cnossus, a Roman colony placed just to the north of, and politically including, Kephala. The Romans believed they had colonized Knossos. After excavation, the discovery of the Linear B tablets, and the decipherment of Linear B by Michael Ventris, the identification was confirmed by the reference to an administrative center, ko-no-so, Mycenaean Greek Knosos, undoubtedly the palace complex. The palace was built over a Neolithic town. During the Bronze Age, the town surrounded the hill on which the palace was built.
The palace was abandoned at some unknown time at the end of the Late Bronze Age, ca. 1380–1100 BC.The occasion is not known for certain, but one of the many disasters that befell the palace is generally put forward. The abandoning population were probably Mycenaean Greeks, who had earlier occupied the city-state, and were using Linear B as its administrative script, as opposed to Linear A, the previous administrative script. The hill was never again a settlement or civic site, although squatters may have used it for a time. Knossos map
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The Diktaion Cave is located on Northern
side of the mountain Dicti in Crete, above the village of Psychro in the municipality of Lassithi Plateau Crete, at an altitude of 1020m. It is considered one of the most important internationally known caves with great mythological and archaeologicalinterest.There Rhea, hidden
from the fury of Saturn begat Zeus.
The cave has garnered the interest of many Greek and foreign archaeologists who have occasionally excavate inside. Findings Neolithic, Minoan, Late Minoan, Geometric, Archaic,Classical,Hellenistic and Roman demonstrate continuous use by humans,mainly for religious purposes.
The cave has an area of 2,200 sqm and can be visited. The total length of the tourist route is 250 m Inside there is a rich decoration of stalactites, stalagmites and a scenic lake.Go for vacation in Crete.Visit Diktaion Antro
Zorba the Greek is a 1964 film based on the novel Zorba the Greek by Nikos Kazantzakis. The film was directed by Cypriot Michael Cacoyannis and the title character was played by Anthony Quinn. The supporting cast includes Alan Bates, Lila Kedrova, Irene Papas, and Sotiris Moustakas.When Kazantzakis was born in 1883 in Heraklion, Crete had not yet joined the modern Greek state, (which had been established in 1832) and was still under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. From 1902 Kazantzakis studied law at the University of Athens, then went to Paris in 1907 to study philosophy. Here he fell under the influence of Henri Bergson. His 1909 dissertation was titled "Friedrich Nietzsche on the Philosophy of Right and the State." Upon his return to Greece, he began translating works of philosophy. In 1914 he met Angelos Sikelianos. Together they travelled for two years in places where Greek Orthodox Christian culture flourished, largely influenced by the enthusiastic nationalism of Sikelianos.Kazantzakis married Galatea Alexiou in 1911; they divorced in 1926. He married Eleni Samiou in 1945. Between 1922 and his death in 1957, he sojourned in Paris and Berlin (from 1922 to 1924), Italy, Russia (in 1925), Spain (in 1932), and then later in Cyprus, Aegina, Egypt, Mount Sinai, Czechoslovakia, Nice (he later bought a villa in nearby Antibes, in the Old Town section near the famed seawall), China, and Japan. While in Berlin, where the political situation was explosive, Kazantzakis discovered communism and became an admirer of Vladimir Lenin. He never became a consistent communist, but visited the Soviet Union and stayed with the Left Opposition politician and writer Victor Serge. He witnessed the rise of Joseph Stalin, and became disillusioned with Soviet-style communism. Around this time, his earlier nationalist beliefs were gradually replaced by a more universal ideology.
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The Mediterranean diet is a modern nutritional recommendation inspired by the traditional dietary patterns of southern Italy, Crete and much of the rest of Greece in the 1960s. On November 17, 2010, UNESCO recognized this diet pattern as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Italy, Greece, Spain and Morocco, thus reinforcing it not only as a fundamental part of their history and background, but also as a great contribution to the world.A number of diets have received attention, but the strongest evidence for a beneficial health effect and decreased mortality after switching to a largely plant based diet comes from studies of Mediterranean diet. The Mediterranean diet is often cited as beneficial for being low in saturated fat and high in monounsaturated fat and dietary fiber. One of the main explanations is thought to be the health effects of olive oil included in the Mediterranean diet.So Cretan men had exceptionally low death rates from heart disease, despite moderate to high intake of fat. The Cretan diet is similar to other traditional Mediterranean diets, consisting mostly of olive oil, bread, abundant fruit and vegetables, fish, and a moderate amount of dairy foods and wine.
Almiros is located 2.5km south of AgiosNikolaos and is the most popular beach of the town.It is formed at the exit of Almyros river, which flows south of the beach. Next to the beach there is a protected wetland formed in river delta, which is home to many rare birds. Also, the area is filled with eucalyptus trees, reeds and palm trees of Theophrastus (as Vai).The beach is quite long and very well organized. Is sandy and the water very shallow and usually calm, making them ideal for small children. The area has few canteens, and there are also options for water sport. The sea water is very cold in some places because of the salty river flows throughout the year. On the south side of the beach there are small hotels and apartments.To reach the beach from Agios Nikolaos, especially if you don't have a car, you should walk the pedestrian (5 ') passing alongside the rocky northern shores of the beach. The promenade starts from Gargadoros, who is 5 'south of Marina City.In Salty River washed their clothes the women of Ag.Nikolaos decades ago.
Matala is a small seaside village and popular beach of southern Crete in Heraklion. The location is on the west coast of Pirgiotisa. The beach of Matala was inhabited since ancient times, and then the settlers carved a number of caves in the soft rock of the mountain. The caves remained empty for thousands of years until some wandering hippies discovered and inhabited them for some time. Several others followed them such as Bob Dylan, Janis Joplin and First Stivens.The period of Hunta after the order of the Metropolitan of Gortyni tourists were expelled from the caves of Matala. The village was formerly a fishing village and now lives mainly from tourism.It falls in the municipal district of the municipality Pitsidia Timpaki. The distance from Heraklion is 70.6 km.Go for holidays to Crete/Matala. Matala map
The couplet of mantinada or patinada or Kotsakia poem is composed of two verses which are usually fifteen to rhyme or four imistichia not necessarily rhyme. It is a mean of spontaneous popular expression in several parts of Greece, but mainly as a category of insular Greek song in Crete, which is famous for serenades of.
This type of emetris popular expression in the Cyclades and especially in Apeiranthos Naxos called "Kotsakia" (eg "With kotsakia reveal, / my love pain!") Accordingly names of this kind are also Short Songs, rhymes , that despite the "lyrics" or "couplets" other regions of Greece.
In particular, the Cretan couplets distinguished by its peculiar expression, pithy phrase and reflects the feelings, thought and life of the Cretan people. They are themed from various sectors depending mocking serenades, love, opportunistic and philosophical. Either as a philosophy or expressing grievance, the serenade for centuries came the Cretans in all their moments and events, to the point that those who are not from Crete to think strictly Cretan poetic creation.
Put your mantinada
(based on olive oil)
Greek cuisine has a long tradition and its flavours change with the season
Greek gyros and souvlaki
(Greek: σουβλάκι [suvlaki), plural souvlakia, is a ..
The Battle of Crete (German:Luftlande
schlacht um Kreta;
Greek: Μάχη της
Κρήτης) was fought ...
variously as Idha, Ídhi, Idi, Ita and now Psiloritis (Greek: Ψηλορείτης, "high mountain"), is the highest
Cretan traditional costume was of the most elegant and most complicated form of clothing and was divided into everyday and festive clothing. While in other regions ...
The couplet of mantinada or patinada or Kotsakia poem is composed of two verses which are usually fifteen to rhyme or four imistichia not necessarily rhyme. It is a..
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The palm beach of Vai (Greek: Βάι) is one of the largest attractions of the Mediterranean island of Crete. It features the largest natural palm
Lake Voulismeni (Greek: Λίμνη Βουλισμένη, Límni Voulisméni) is a former sweetwater small lake, later connected to the sea,..
The Phaistos Disc (also spelled Phaistos Disk,
Phaestos Disc) is a disk of fired clay from the Minoan palace...
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The name Knossos survives from ancient Greek references to the major city of Crete. The
Dikti or Dicte (Greek: Δίκτη) (also Lasithiotika Ori, Greek: Λασιθιώτικα Όρη) is a mountain range on the east of the island of Crete in the regional unit of Lasithi. On the west it extends to the regional unit of Heraklion. According to the Greek Mythology, Zeus was reared on this mountain in a cave called Dictaeon Andron (Psychro Cave). On the north of the main massif, the plateau of Lasithi is located. Read more
Episkopi Ierapetras is a village on the Greek island of Crete. Episkopi belongs to the municipality of Ierapetra in the prefecture of Lasithi. It lies north of Ierapetra in the middle of the narrowest part of the island. The village has approximately one thousand inhabitants.
The village was established during the Minoan period, probably between 2500 and 2000 BCE. Is located..Read more
Right next to the archaeological site of Malia, a beautiful sandy beach makes the difference. The scenery includes tamarisk trees, crystal clear waters, a small river that spills into the sea (and makes the water a bit chiller!) and many sea urchins on the rocks – in case you are a fan of this mezze! It may be organized but still differs from the rest of the beaches in the area, as it is more peaceful, there is plenty Read more
Single room church of 12th century with unique frescoes from 14th century.Lies in Agios Nikolaos - Crete Read more