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The Historical Museum Heraklion

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Address: Lysimahou Kalokerinou 7, Iraklio.
The Historical Museum of Crete was founded by the Society of Cretan Historical Studies in 1953 and is housed in a neoclassical building of significant architectural merit (the A. & M. Kalokairinos House, 1903) in the city of Heraklion on Crete, an island of Greece.The museum was expanded following the addition of a new wing and floor.The museum’s permanent collections highlight the art and history of Crete from the 4th century AD up to and including the Second World War.The collections are ordered chronologically and by subject matter, and are combined with visual material and multimedia. They include ceramics, sculptures, coins, jewellery, wall paintings, portable icons, ritual objects, manuscripts, heirlooms, weavings, the reconstructed interior of a Cretan rural home and much more. The museum’s finest exhibits are two paintings by Doménikos Theotokópoulos (more commonly known as El Greco), born in Crete: The Baptism of Christ (1567) and View of Mount Sinai (1570–2), the only works by the artist now on Crete. Another outstanding exhibit is a 4×4 metre mock-up of mid-17th century Chandax (Heraklion), at the time when the city reached its peak under Venetian rule. Of particular interest is the Nikos Kazantzakis Collection, featuring the study and library from the author’s home in Antibes, France, personal effects, manuscripts of his works, first editions of books in various languages, etc.The temporary exhibition rooms at the Historical Museum of Crete host exhibitions on a wide range of themes (e.g., in summer 2012, the life and work of poet Odysseas Elytis).The museum library, featuring rare editions and much archive and photographic material, caters for the needs of both researchers and the general public.

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The Natural History Museum of Crete

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The Natural History Museum of Crete (NHMC) (Greek: Μουσείο Φυσικής Ιστορίας Κρήτης, ΜΦΙΚ) in Heraklion, Crete is a natural history museum that operates under the auspices of the University of Crete. Its aim is the study, protection and promotion of the diverse flora and fauna of the Eastern Mediterranean region. The museum is based in a restored industrial building that used to house an electricity power plant.d
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The Heraklion Archaeological Museum

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Source : www.cretazine.com
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Address: Xanthoudidou 1, Iraklio
The Heraklion Archaeological Museum is a museum located in Heraklion on Crete. It is one of the greatest museums in Greece and the best in the world for Minoan art, as it contains the most notable and complete collection of artifacts of the Minoan civilization of Crete.From the Neolithic Age to the Roman times, the collection of the Museum covers 5,500 years of history. Its most important feature, however, is the greatest collection of Minoan art and relics of Minoan Civilization in the world, which is considered to be the first civilization on European ground.
The (initial) building of the Museum was constructed somewhere between 1935 and 1940 on the same site where the Monastery of St. Francesco once stood, which was destroyed in the 1856 earthquake. The building’s architecture is quite interesting, as it is considered to be a characteristic example of the modern architectural movement of Greece, which conbined different architectural styles of the time. For this reason it received the Bauhaus prize. As for its renovated section, it was designed with modern specifications but maintained the original architectural philosophy of the building.The tour starts in the ground floor and the Minoan Civilization aisle, arranged in a chronological order, from the pre-palatial period (3000 - 1900 B.C) to the last palatial period (1450 - 1300 B.C). These sections were opened last and feature some of the most important museum exhibits. Visitors will see objects from the everyday life of the Minoans, worship items, ceramics, lithography works, stamps and other items of extraordinary art, the famous doubleheaded labrys, sarcophagus and more. Of course, the collection includes the 'stars' of the museum and emblems of Minoan Civilization: the mysterious disk of Phaistos, the snake Goddess, the bee, the ring of King Minos, and the head of the Bull.
Through the exhibits and the explanatory texts we learn the basic information we need to know for the first civilization that flourished on european ground: the way the Minoan society was structured, their ceremonial customs, the nature of their religion (Minoans worshiped a female goddess), their commercial activities, economic and administrative organization, and the influences they received from other civilizations of the time. We have a close look to the findings of years of excavations in the great Minoan palaces and other peripheral settlements, in the Minoan cemetaries and sanctuaries.
The tour continues in the first floor that hosts Minoan frescoes in a space that conveys tranquility and high aesthetics. Magnificent frescoes, vivid colors that narrate stories and anaglyph works. Stylish captions and explanatory texts will help you decipher the images. The big star of the floor, of course, is the Prince of the Lilies.
Source: www.cretazine.com

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Lychnostatis Open Air Museum


Lychnostatis Open Air Museum is a museum in Hersonissos, Heraklion, Crete, Greece. It is an autonomous private foundation, established in July 1992, based on private collection owned by ophthalmologist Yiorgos Markakis. The Markakis and local workers were responsible for the building of the museum between 1986 and 1992. In March 1994, the Association of Members of the Museum was established, to obtain sponsorships and grants to operate the museum .The museum contains a variety of artifacts and structures related to Cretan folk tradition and ethnology, economic activity and culture, nature and the environment. Notable assets include traditional Cretan farmer and merchant houses, wine and olive presses, a distillery, weaving and ceramic workshops, a herbarium and fruit and cactus gardens, a folk art gallery, library, a mineral and stone exhibition, a 150 seat auditorium and a 250 seats theatre as well as a cafe and shop. A number of performances are put on in the auditoriums includuing the "Traditional September" annual event as well as Greek dancing performances, and grape and wine-tasting events.d
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Nikos Kazantzakis Museum


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The Nikos Kazantzakis Museum is a museum in Myrtia village in the Heraklion regional unit of Crete, in Greece. It is 20 km South of the town of Heraklion and it is dedicated to the life and work of the famous writer Nikos Kazantzakis.dComment  Map  
  


Museum of Visual Arts

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Museum of Visual Arts
or Museum of Plastic Arts is a museum located on Nymphon Street in Heraklion, Crete, in the old St.Mark Basilica.The museum was established in order to support cultural and artistic activity and to promote the work of Cretan artists.The museum organizes educational seminars and lectures on art, as well as conferences, concerts, and publications.d
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The Archaeological Museum of Agios Nikolaos

The Archaeological Museum of Agios Nikolaos is a museum in Agios Nikolaos, Crete, Greece.Established i
in 1970, the museum contains archaeological finds in chronological order beginning with the Neolithic era, Minoan remains, and ending with Greco-Roman finds. It consists of eight large rooms and amongst its most famous exhibits is the Goddess of Mirtos, a libation vessel in the form of a female figure discovered at a Bronze Age settlement at Fournos, near Mirtos. The museum also contains important items of the Daedalic Period which date back to the 7th century BC, notably the head of a clay statue of a woman found near Sitia.d
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The Archaeological Museum of Sitia

The Archaeological Museum of Sitia is a museum in Sitia of Crete, in Greece. Its collection consists of Minoan-era finds from Sitía, Zakros, Petra and Palekastro.

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The Municipal Museum of the Battle of Crete

Address: Doukos Beaufort and Hatzidaki, Iraklio
The Municipal Museum of the Battle of Crete and the National Resistance is a historical museum in Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

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